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Institution of Environmental Science

 

1. Name of the Institute

Institution of Environmental Science 

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (ifapplicable)

 Dr. István Fekete

3. Research area and keywords of research

soil biology, climate change, carbon sequestration,  

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 We study the C content of soils in regions where we can quantify changes in climate patterns

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 During my research I mainly worked with researchers from other (Hungarian and foreign) institutes. In our researches we study the C content of soils in regions where we can quantify changes in climate patterns. Since the dynamics of degradation processes are influenced by the pH of the soils, as well as the quantitative values of the nutrients and their ratio to C, we also studymajor soil and plant nutrients including N, S, and major cations (eg. Ca, K, Mg, Mn). It is important to measure not only the quantity of C in the soils, but also the chemical quality of the litter inputs to soils from plants, as chemical quality may determine which litters degrade rapidly and which litters build up on the forest floor or as particulate matter in soils. Input litter quality may also affect the carbon use efficiency of decomposer microbes, and this also affect how much soil C is sequestered in stable, protected pools. In order to clarify these issues, we would like to do the following studies:

Indices of soil organic matter (SOM) quality collected from different climate regions and determined. The thermogravimetry (TG-DTA) and the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) at the University of Bologna, and Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) with colleagues at the University of Palermo and University of Toronto in Canada be applied. The stable and radiocarbon isotopes of the samples were analyzed at the Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, providing data to estimate the turnover times of detritus and SOM.

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

 cooperation with Prof. Ornella Francioso at the University of Bologna, Prof. Pellegrino Conte at the University of Palermo, Prof. Myrna Simpson at the University of Toronto, Prof. Kate Lajtha at the Oregon State University, Prof. Susan  Trumbore at theMax Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry

7. Other information (ifany)

 

8. Publications (max. 5)

 Kate Lajtha, Richard D Bowden, Susan Crow, István Fekete, Zsolt Kotroczó, Alain Plante, Myrna J Simpson, Knute J Nadelhoffer, The detrital input and removal treatment (DIRT) network: Insights into soil carbon stabilization, SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 640-641: pp. 1112-1120. (2018), IF: 4.900

Ika Djukic, Sebastian Kepfer-Rojas, Inger Kappel Schmidt, Klaus Steenberg Larsen, Claus Beier, Björn Berg, Kris Verheyen, Anikó Seres, Erzsébet Hornung, István Fekete, Zsolt Kotroczó, Tóth Zsolt, Early stage litter decomposition across biomes, SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 628-629: pp. 1369-1394. (2018) IF: 4.900

István Fekete, Kate Lajtha, Zsolt Kotroczó, Gábor Várbíró, Csaba Varga, János Attila Tóth, Ibolya Demeter, Gábor Veperdi, Imre Berki Long term effects of climate change on carbon storage and tree species composition in a dry deciduous forest GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY 23:(8) pp. 3154-3168. (2017) IF: 8.997

 Áron Beni, Kate Lajtha, János Kozma, István Fekete Application of a Stir Bar Sorptive Extraction sample preparation method with HPLC for soil fungal biomass determination in soils from a detrital manipulation study JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS (2017) JOURNAL OF MICROBIOLOGICAL METHODS 136: pp. 1-5. (2017) IF: 1.790

Fekete I., Kotroczó Zs., Varga Cs., Nagy P.T., Várbíró G., Bowden R.D., Tóth J.A., Lajth K. (2014): Alterations in forest detritus inputs influence soil carbon concentration and soil respiration in a Central-European deciduous forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 74:106–114. IF: 3.932

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Institute of Environmental Science 

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Dr. István János PhD 

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Human Biology/Anthropology, ancient human bones, bioarchaeology, palaeopathology, population reconstruction 

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

Morphological, anatomical and pathological analysis of human skeletal remains. Elemental analysis of human bone samples.  

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 I am physical anthropologist and my special field of interest focuses on morphological, craniometrical, pathological and palaeodemographical analysis of human skeletal remains. I am working on more research project such as morphological analysis of human skeletal remains from the Arpadian age and the age of the Hungarian conquest. I am also interested in elemental analysis of human bone samples. On the basis of elemental status, we can draw conclusions from the nutrition and diseases of ancient populations. Additionally, I am taking part in a multidisciplinary research project which focuses on Egyptian mummies of Gamhud. These mummies came to light during the only Hungarian Egyptian excavation. I am working with cooperation with more Hungarian and international research institutes. 

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

László Szathmáry (University of Debercen) 

Mónika Molnár (University of Debrecen) 

Enikő Szvák (University of Szeged) 

Cristina Tica (University of Nevada, USA) 

Anna Spinek (HirszfeldInstitute of Immunology and ExperimentalTherapy, Polish Academy of Sciences,Wrocław, Poland) 

7. Other information (if any)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

  1.  Molnár M, Szathmáry L, Szűcs L, Széll RF, Janos I (2019): A unified descriptive method for analysing artificial cranial deformation from a palaeopathological perspective. Archaeological and anthropological Science. 11: 5553–5568 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12520-019-00890-9 IF:1,978
  1. János I, Szathmáry L, Szűcs L, Molnár M. 2018. Presentation of some artificially deformed crania (5th-6th century AD) from Northeastern Hungary. 21th Congress of European Anthropological Association. Odensee, Denmark. 22-25 August 2018. 
  1. János I, Szathmáry L, Lajos Hüse (2014): Pagan-Christian Change in Northeastern Hungary in the 10th-13th Centuries AD - a Palaeodemographic Aspect. Collegium Antropologicum. 38, 305-317. IF: 0,611 
  1. Molnar M, Janos I, Szűcs L, Szathmáry L (2014): Artificially deformed crania from the Hun-Germanic period (5th-6th century AD) in northeastern Hungary: historical and morphological analysis. Neurosurgical Focus. 36/4: E1. IF: 2,487
  1. János I, Szathmáry L, Nádas E, Béni Á, Dinya Z, Máthé E (2011): Evaluation of elemental status of ancient human bone samples from Northeastern Hungary dated to the 10th century AD by XRF. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 269: 2593-2599. IF: 1.211 
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1. Name of the Institute

 Environmental Science 

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

  Education for Sustainability 

Leader: Dr. Ferenc  Kiss PhD 

Members: Dr. Ferenc  Mónus PhD,  DR. D.Tóth  Márta PhD, S. Paráda Andrea 

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Education for Sustainability, Teacher Training, Forest school 

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 Our aims to research how to build awareness and knowledge of sustainability issues and develop students and schools to think critically and innovate, towards more sustainable practice of education. 

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 In the last few years new teacher training degree programs - from preschool to high school - give  a possibility to teach  how nature  function as a network and how Homo sapiens can manage their behavior and live a sustainable way in this system. Understanding how elements in the nature are related as a complex system, influence one another within a whole. Teacher training have unquestionable role in achieving these goals. In this research group we study the state of sustainability education in the programs, especially focused on the nature-human relation. 

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

 József  Eötvös Practicing School Nyíregyháza 

7. Other information (if any)

 - 

8. Publications (max. 5)

Ferenc Kiss , Judit Vallner , Norbert Domina 

The role of Forest School in environmental teachers’ training MA 

In: Dráviczki Sándor (szerk.) Studies in pedagogy and culture . Nyíregyháza: Jedlik-Okteszt Kiadó Bt., 2011. pp. 23-28. 

Kiss Ferenc , Spákné Paráda Andrea 

Értelem, érzelem és környezettudatosság (Sense, Emotion and environmental consciousness) 

PEDAGÓGIAI MŰHELY (NYÍREGYHÁZA) 37:(2) pp. 51-59. (2012) 

 Kiss Ferenc , Tukacs Tamás 

Let’s talk about the environment and sustainability 

Nyíregyháza: Nyíregyházi Főiskola, 2013.  
(ISBN:978-615-5545-35-1) 

Kiss Ferenc , D Tóth Márta 

”Természetismeret-környezettan” - egy új szak az osztatlan tanárképzésben: “Teacher of science and environment”-new degree program in teacher training 

In: Zsigmond AR , Szigyártó IL , Szikszai A (szerk.) 
X. Kárpát-medencei Környezettudományi Konferencia . 320 p.  
Konferencia helye, ideje: Kolozsvár , Románia , 2014.03.27 -2014.03.29.  

Mónus, Ferenc-Kiss, Ferenc (2019): Forest schools in the teacher training programs of the University of Nyíregyháza – proposals to the research of forest schools’ programs, Journal of Applied Technical and Educational Sciences Vol. 9, No. 3, 2019 pp. 50-63 ISSN 2560-5429 

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Forschungs-Neutronenquelle, Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), Garching, Germany 

The Paul Scherrer Institute, PSI, Villigen, Switzerland 

2. Name of theresearcher(s) and researchgroup (ifapplicable)

 Dr. Zsolt Hörcsik, PhD

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Chlorella, heavy metals, cadmium, chlorophyll fluorescence,Ttransmission electron microscopy, Small angle neutron scattering   

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 We investigate the effect of the heavy metals on the growth, structure and photosynthetic activity of  Chlorella variabilis green algae.  

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

Cell number determination (growth rate),  

Circular dichroism spectroscopy (in vivo structural examinations of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes), 

Fast Chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements (photosystem II efficiency), Transmission electron microscopy (structure determination of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes),  

Small Angle Neutron Scattering  measurements (in vivo examination of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes), Measurement of the oxidation–reduction kinetics of P700 (phosystem I efficiency),  

Western-blot (determination of the protin changes of the photosynthetic machinery ), and  

Pigment determination 

 

6. Research partnersfromotherinstitutions (ifany)

 The Paul Scherrer Institute, PSI, Villigen, Switzerland 

7. Otherinformation (ifany)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

Zsolt T. Hörcsik1, László Kovács2, Réka Láposi3, Ilona Mészáros3, Gyula Lakatos3,Győző Garab2*    Effect of chromium on photosystem II in the unicellular green alga, Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Photosynthetica2007. 45(1). 65-69. 

Renáta Ünnep; Ottó Zsiros; Zsolt T Hörcsik; Márton Markó; Anjana Jajoo; Joachim Kohlbrecher; Győző Garab; Gergely Nagy  

Low-pH induced reversible reorganizations of chloroplast thylakoid membranes - as revealed by small-angle neutron scattering. BBA – Bioenergetics 2017, 1858. 360-365.    

 

O. Zsiros, L. Kovács, G. Nagy, R. Ünnep, R. Patai, G, Garab, Z.T. Hörcsik     Toxic effects of cadmium and chromium on the photosynthesis of Chlorella variabilis cells. Structure and function of thylakoid membranes. BBA Bioenergetics (2020) -  in press 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Forschungs-Neutronenquelle, Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II), Garching, Germany 

The Paul Scherrer Institute, PSI, Villigen, Switzerland 

2. Name of theresearcher(s) and researchgroup (ifapplicable)

 Dr. Zsolt Hörcsik, PhD

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Chlorella, heavy metals, cadmium, chlorophyll fluorescence,Ttransmission electron microscopy, Small angle neutron scattering   

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 We investigate the effect of the heavy metals on the growth, structure and photosynthetic activity of  Chlorella variabilis green algae.  

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

Cell number determination (growth rate),  

Circular dichroism spectroscopy (in vivo structural examinations of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes), 

Fast Chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements (photosystem II efficiency), Transmission electron microscopy (structure determination of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes),  

Small Angle Neutron Scattering  measurements (in vivo examination of the photosynthetic machinery of the macroorganization of thylakoid mambranes), Measurement of the oxidation–reduction kinetics of P700 (phosystem I efficiency),  

Western-blot (determination of the protin changes of the photosynthetic machinery ), and  

Pigment determination 

 

6. Research partnersfromotherinstitutions (ifany)

 The Paul Scherrer Institute, PSI, Villigen, Switzerland 

7. Otherinformation (ifany)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

Zsolt T. Hörcsik1, László Kovács2, Réka Láposi3, Ilona Mészáros3, Gyula Lakatos3,Győző Garab2*    Effect of chromium on photosystem II in the unicellular green alga, Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Photosynthetica2007. 45(1). 65-69. 

Renáta Ünnep; Ottó Zsiros; Zsolt T Hörcsik; Márton Markó; Anjana Jajoo; Joachim Kohlbrecher; Győző Garab; Gergely Nagy  

Low-pH induced reversible reorganizations of chloroplast thylakoid membranes - as revealed by small-angle neutron scattering. BBA – Bioenergetics 2017, 1858. 360-365.    

 

O. Zsiros, L. Kovács, G. Nagy, R. Ünnep, R. Patai, G, Garab, Z.T. Hörcsik     Toxic effects of cadmium and chromium on the photosynthesis of Chlorella variabilis cells. Structure and function of thylakoid membranes. BBA Bioenergetics (2020) -  in press 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Environmental Department 

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

Dr.  József Jekő, PhD 

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Mass spectrometry, HPLC, HPLC/MS/MS 

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

Determination of chemical profiles of  different plant extracts by HPLC-MS/MS. Mass spectrometry of stable spin labelled componds. 

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

My cooperation is geared towards assessing the possible antioxidant, enzyme inhibitory, and cytotoxic activities of different plant extract (solvents: ethyl acetate, methanol, and water). The chemical profiles of the extracts are characterised by HPLC-MS/MS: 

A multidirectional investigation of stem bark extracts of four African plants: HPLC-MS/MS profiling and biological potentials. HPLC-MS/MS chemical characterization and biological properties of Origanum onites extracts. Investigation of chemical profile, biological properties of Lotus corniculatus L. extracts and their apoptotic-autophagic effects on breast cancer cells. Metabolomic profile of Salvia viridis L. root extracts using HPLC–MS/MS technique and their pharmacological properties. A comprehensive appraisal on Crocus chrysanthus (Herb.) Herb. flower extracts with HPLC–MS/MS profiles, antioxidant and enzyme inhibitory properties. HPLC-MS analysis of the active ingredients of chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) bee feeding syrup. Characterization of phytochemical components of Ferula halophila extracts using HPLC-MS/MS and their pharmacological potentials. HPLC–MS/MS-based metabolic profiling and pharmacological properties of extracts and infusion obtained from Amelanchier parviflora var. dentata

Mass spectrometry of substituted Pyrrolidine Nitroxide radicals and paramagnetically modified heterocycles. 

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

Gokhan Zengin, PhD (associate professor) Selcuk University, Department of Biology Konya, Turkey; Prof. Tamás Kálai, University of Pécs (Hungary); Dr. Zoltán Cziáky, Agricultural and Molecular Research Institute of University of Nyíregyháza (Hungary) 

7. Other information (if any)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

L. Columbus, T. Kálai, J. Jekő, K. Hideg and W.L. Hubbell: 

Molecular Motion of Spin Labeled Side Chains in a-Helices: Analysis by Variation of Side Chain Structure, Biochemistry, 40, 3828-3846 (2001) 

 

B. Bognár, M.L. Kuppusamy, E. Madan, T. Kálai, M. Balog, J. Jekő, P. Kuppusamy and K. Hideg: 

Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Curcumin-Nitroxide-Based Molecular Hybrids as Antioxidant and Anti-Proliferative Agents 

Medicinal Chemistry, 13(8), 761-772 (2017) 

 

G. Zengin, A. Uysal, A. Diuzheva, E. Gunes, J. Jekő, Z. Cziáky, C.M.N. Picot-Allain and M. F. Mahomoodally: Characterization of phytochemical components of Ferula halophila extracts using HPLC-MS/MS and their pharmacological potentials: a multi-functional insight, J. Pharm. Biomed. Anal., 160, 374-382 (2018) 

 

G. Zengin, A. Diuzheva, J. Jekő, Z. Cziáky, G. Bulut, A. Dogan, M.Z. Haznedaroglu, K.R.R. Rengasamy, D. Lobine, M.B. Bahadori and M.F. Mahomoodally: HPLC–MS/MS-based metabolic profiling and pharmacological properties of extracts and infusion obtained from Amelanchier parviflora var. dentate, Industrial Crops & Products, 124 (2018) 699–706 

 

G. Zengin, F. Mahomoodally, C. Picot-Allain, A. Diuzheva, J. Jekő, Z. Cziáky, A. Cvetanović, A. Aktumsek, Z. Zeković, K. R.R. Rengasamy: Metabolomic profile of Salvia viridis L. root extracts using HPLC–MS/MS technique and their pharmacological properties: A comparative study, Industrial Crops & Products, 131 (2019) 266–280 

  

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Environmental Sciences 

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Prof. Dr. Tibor Szép, DSc

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Biology, Ecology, Ornithology

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

Quantifying the effects of climate change on long distance migratory birds: A case study using Hungarian Sand Martins (Riparia riparia)

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 Basic research in cooperation with the MME/BirdLife Hungary, based on long-term (since 1986-), integrated monitoring field investigations of breeding Sand Martin population using individual and population level approaches to study the impact of the climate change on migratory birds. Specific, recent methods applied to study the subject (geolocators, radio transmitters, videoendoscope, stable isopote/trace element/hormonal and physical parameters of the African moulted feathers, telomere and microsatellite investigations of nestlings and parents).  The study recently is donated by the Hungarian Researches Grant (NKFI/OTKA). Four colleagues from the institute contribute in the project, Dr. Mónika Molnár (genetic analysis), Dr. Ferenc Mónus (behavioural analysis), Dr. Zsolt Hörcsik (hormonal analysis) and Dr. József Jekő (hormonal and trace element analysis). 

 

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

  •  Ecological, Behavioural Ecological and Evolutionary studies: Prof. Anders Møller, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution Equipe Diversité, Ecologie et Evolution Microbiennes Bâtiment 362, Párizs, since 1993 
  • MME/BirdLife Hungary 
  • Analysis of feather structure: Dr. Gareth Dyke, Babeş-Bolyai University (Romania) 
  • Genetic analysis: Dr. Steve Smith, Richard Wagner, Donald Blomqvist, Konrad Lorenz Institute, Vienna, Austria, since 2001 
  • Stable isotope studies: Prof. Dr. Keith Hobson, Univ. of Saskatchewan, Canada, since 2002 
  • Stable isotope studies: Jyrki Torniainen, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, Finland 

 

7. Other information (if any)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

  1. Smith S, Wagner R. W., Szép T., Hoelzl F. & Molnár M. 2016. A simple and reliable medium-throughput method to measure relative telomere length in Sand Martins Riparia riparia. ACTA ORNITHOLOGICA 51: 131-136.  
  1. Stephens P. A., Mason L. R., Green R. E., Gregory R. D., Sauer J. R., Alison J., Aunins A., Brotons L., Butchart S. H.M., Campedelli T., Chodkiewicz T., Chylarecki P., Crowe O., Elts J., Escandell V., Foppen R. P.B., Heldbjerg H., Herrando S., Husby M., Jiguet F., Lehikoinen A., Lindström Å, Noble D.G., Paquet J. Y, Reif J., Sattler T., Szép T.,  Teufelbauer N., Trautmann S., van Strien A. J., van Turnhout C. A.M., Vorisek P., Willis S. G. (2016) Consistent response of bird populations to climate change on two continents. SCIENCE 352: 84-87. 
  1. Szép T, Dobránszky J, Møller AP, Dyke G, Lendvai AZ (2019) Older birds have better feathers: A longitudinal study on the long-distance migratory Sand Martin, Riparia riparia. PlosOne, January 4: 1-14 
  1. Szép T, Hobson KA, Vallner J, Piper SE, Kovács B, Szabó DZ, Moller AP (2009) Comparison of trace element and stable isotope approaches to the study of migratory connectivity: an example using two hirundine species breeding in Europe and wintering in Africa. J ORNITHOL 150: 621-636  
  1.  Szép, T., Liechti, F., Nagy, K., Nagy, Zs., Hahn, S. (2017) Discovering the migration and non-breeding areas of Sand Martins and House Martins breeding in the Pannonian basin (central-eastern Europe). Journal of Avian Biology 48: 114-122  

 

  

Oldaltörés 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Environmental Sciences

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Prof. Dr. Tibor Szép, DSc

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Biology, Ecology, Ornithology

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

Monitoring of national biodiversity by common bird monitoring using random sampling design in Hungary

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

Applied ecological project in cooperation with MME/BirdLife Hungary and European Bird Census Council (EBCC) to monitor the biodiversity by common bird species. The project run since 1999 and provide the largest database in Central-Eastern Europe, based on nationwide random sampling design which let to analyse the condition of the breeding bird population and biodiversity (using common birds as indicators) the main habitats (farmlands, forests, urban) in this region. The outcomes of this project widely used in Hungary to measure national Farmland Bird Index (FBI) which is the main indicator of the biodiversity of the farmland in the EU. This project run in wide international cooperation in Europe and North America and part of the several global studies published in leading scientific journal  

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

  •  Ecological, Behavioural Ecological and Evolutionary studies: Prof. Anders Møller, Laboratoire Ecologie, Systématique et Evolution Equipe Diversité, Ecologie et Evolution Microbiennes Bâtiment 362, Párizs, since 1993 
  • MME/BirdLife Hungary 
  • Dr. Henk Siersdma, SOVON, Netherlands 
  • European Bird Census Commitee 

 

7. Other information (if any)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

  1. Gamero A, Brotons L, Brunner A, Foppen R, Fornasari L, Gregory RD, Herrando S, Hořák D, Jiguet F, Kmecl P, Lehikoinen A, Lindström A, Paquet J, Reif J, Sirkiä PM, Škorpilová J, Strien A, Szép T, Telenský T, Teufelbauer N, Trautmann S, van Turnhout CAM,Vermouzek Z, Vikstrøm T, Voříšek P.2017. Tracking progress towards EU biodiversity strategy targets: EU policy effects in preserving its common farmland birds. Conservation Letters 10: 395–402. DOI 10.1111/conl.12292 
  1. Heldbjerg, H., Fox, A.D., Lehikoinen, A., Sunde, P., Aunins, A., Balmer, D.E., Calvi, G., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R., Gamero, A., Hristov, I., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kmecl, P., Kålås, J.A., Lewis, L.J., Lindström, A., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R., Paquet, J-Y., Portolou, D., Ridzor,R., Schmid, H., Skorpilová, J., Szabó, Z.D., Szép, T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., Vorisek, P., Weiserbs, A. (2019) Contrasting population trends of Common Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) across Europe. Ornis Fennica, 96: 153-168. 
  1. Mason,  L. R., Green, R.E., Howard, C., Stephens, P.A., Willis, S.G., Aunins, A., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Lindström, A., Massimino, D., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R.C., Paquet, J-Y., Reif, J., Sirkiä, P.M., Szép, T., Florenzano, G.T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Strien, A., van Turnhout, C., Voříšek, P., Gregory, R.D. (2019) Population responses of bird populations to climate change on two continents vary with species’ ecological traits but not with direction of change in climate suitability. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-019-02549-9 
  1. Stephens P. A., Mason L. R., Green R. E., Gregory R. D., Sauer J. R., Alison J., Aunins A., Brotons L., Butchart S. H.M., Campedelli T., Chodkiewicz T., Chylarecki P., Crowe O., Elts J., Escandell V., Foppen R. P.B., Heldbjerg H., Herrando S., Husby M., Jiguet F., Lehikoinen A., Lindström Å, Noble D.G., Paquet J. Y, Reif J., Sattler T., Szép T.,  Teufelbauer N., Trautmann S., van Strien A. J., van Turnhout C. A.M., Vorisek P., Willis S. G. (2016) Consistent response of bird populations to climate change on two continents. SCIENCE 352: 84-87. 
  1. Szilassi, P., Csikós, N., Gallé, R., Szép, T. (2019) Recent and Predicted Changes in Habitat of the Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis Based on the Link between the Land Cover and the Field Survey Based Abundance Data. ACTA ORNITHOLOGICA, 54 : 59-71 

 

 

Oldaltörés 

1. Name of the Institute

 Environmental Sciences

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Prof. Dr. Tibor Szép, DSc

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Biology, Ecology, Ornithology

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

Hungarian Bird Atlas

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

Applied ecological project in cooperation with MME/BirdLife Hungary for preparing Atlas of Hungarian breeding and wintering bird species, based on timed survey carried out during 2017-2018 and monitoring of common birds. Modelling and producing specific maps (occurence, observation probability, density, trend) using AI method (random forest) based on observation, habitat, climate and soil GIS databases. 

 

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

  • MME/BirdLife Hungary 
  •  Dr. Henk Siersdma, SOVON, Netherlands 
  • European Bird Census Commitee 

 

7. Other information (if any)

  

8. Publications (max. 5)

  1. Gamero A, Brotons L, Brunner A, Foppen R, Fornasari L, Gregory RD, Herrando S, Hořák D, Jiguet F, Kmecl P, Lehikoinen A, Lindström A, Paquet J, Reif J, Sirkiä PM, Škorpilová J, Strien A, Szép T, Telenský T, Teufelbauer N, Trautmann S, van Turnhout CAM,Vermouzek Z, Vikstrøm T, Voříšek P.2017. Tracking progress towards EU biodiversity strategy targets: EU policy effects in preserving its common farmland birds. Conservation Letters 10: 395–402. DOI 10.1111/conl.12292 
  1. Heldbjerg, H., Fox, A.D., Lehikoinen, A., Sunde, P., Aunins, A., Balmer, D.E., Calvi, G., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R., Gamero, A., Hristov, I., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kmecl, P., Kålås, J.A., Lewis, L.J., Lindström, A., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R., Paquet, J-Y., Portolou, D., Ridzor,R., Schmid, H., Skorpilová, J., Szabó, Z.D., Szép, T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Turnhout, C., Vermouzek, Z., Vorisek, P., Weiserbs, A. (2019) Contrasting population trends of Common Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) across Europe. Ornis Fennica, 96: 153-168. 
  1. Mason,  L. R., Green, R.E., Howard, C., Stephens, P.A., Willis, S.G., Aunins, A., Brotons, L., Chodkiewicz, T., Chylarecki, P., Escandell, V., Foppen, R., Herrando, S., Husby, M., Jiguet, F., Kålås, J.A., Lindström, A., Massimino, D., Moshøj, C., Nellis, R.C., Paquet, J-Y., Reif, J., Sirkiä, P.M., Szép, T., Florenzano, G.T., Teufelbauer, N., Trautmann, S., van Strien, A., van Turnhout, C., Voříšek, P., Gregory, R.D. (2019) Population responses of bird populations to climate change on two continents vary with species’ ecological traits but not with direction of change in climate suitability. Climatic Change. doi:10.1007/s10584-019-02549-9 
  1. Stephens P. A., Mason L. R., Green R. E., Gregory R. D., Sauer J. R., Alison J., Aunins A., Brotons L., Butchart S. H.M., Campedelli T., Chodkiewicz T., Chylarecki P., Crowe O., Elts J., Escandell V., Foppen R. P.B., Heldbjerg H., Herrando S., Husby M., Jiguet F., Lehikoinen A., Lindström Å, Noble D.G., Paquet J. Y, Reif J., Sattler T., Szép T.,  Teufelbauer N., Trautmann S., van Strien A. J., van Turnhout C. A.M., Vorisek P., Willis S. G. (2016) Consistent response of bird populations to climate change on two continents. SCIENCE 352: 84-87. 
  1. Szilassi, P., Csikós, N., Gallé, R., Szép, T. (2019) Recent and Predicted Changes in Habitat of the Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis Based on the Link between the Land Cover and the Field Survey Based Abundance Data. ACTA ORNITHOLOGICA, 54 : 59-71 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 University of Nyíregyháza

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Márta D. Tóth, Donat Magyar, Csaba Dobolyi, Áron Béni

3. Research area and keywords of research

 air microbiology, ragweed, pollen morphology, fungal spore, allergy, contamination, Amb a1

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 Pollen analysis of Ambrosia artemisiipholia L. 2014-

Aim of the research: quantitative and qualitative examination of pollen, examination of microscopic microorganisms of pollen and its ecological and allergic role. The research team consists of 4 people, headed by: Dr. Donát Magyar (Public Health Service)

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 Besides the atmosphere concentration of ragweed pollen and its role in allergy, the connection between the environmental pollution and the augment of the pollen indicated allergic reactions is not a negligible factor. In our study we wanted to find if morphological changes can be observed in different parts of the plant /root, stem, leaves, flower and pollen/ during copper and cadmium treatment and to what extent. In the tests hydroponic experiments were carried out. The morphology of pollen grains was studied with the help of electron microscope and stereo microscope.

The length of the ragweed root, the stem and the inflorescence axis were significantly reduced compared to the control during copper treatment.

Dry and wet values of the plant are smaller compared to the control in all plant organs in both copper and cadmium treatment. The pollen morphology was changed during cadmium and copper treatment. The average number of deformed pollen in the control ragweed samples is less than 10 %. More than 40 % of the pollen grains are deformed in cadmium treated plants. Pollen deformation exceeds 50 % in copper treatment.

In areas exposed to strong pollution the morphological changes of ragweed pollen could also be observed. In pollen samples from ruderalia the average number of deformed pollen is 40 %. Values were significantly higher in the samples coming from industrial and agricultural areas. The quantity of the deformed pollen correlates with the result of the vitality test. The prolin concentration of pollen grains from ruderalia was the lowest.

Our results draw attention to the environmental impact of pollen morphology, it affects the vitality of pollen grains, which can modify allergic symptoms.

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

 Public Health Service, Budapest

7. Other information (if any)

 

8. Publications (max. 5)

 Márta, D. Tóth ; Evelin, Burján

Tthe relationship between ragweed allergy and pollution

EGÉSZSÉGTUDOMÁNY 58 : 1 pp. 34-44. , 11 p. (2014)

 

D M, Tóth ; G, Kovacsics-Vári ; E, Burján ; Á, Béni

Morphology and vitality of the ragweed pollen grains from agricultural, industrial and ruderal areas

Giornale Europeo di Aerobiologia 10 : 2 pp. 63-63. , 1 p. (2014)

 

Magyar, D ; Dobolyi, Cs ; Sebők, F ; Udvardy, O ; Béni, Á ; Dobróné, Tóth M

 The effect of pollen colonizing Cladosporium species on the Amb a1 allergen content of the pollen grains of common ragweed

MIKOLÓGIAI KÖZLEMÉNYEK-CLUSIANA 56 : 1 pp. 62-63. , 2 p. (2017)

 

Zsófia, Tischner ; Csaba, Dobolyi ; Flóra, Sebők ; Márta, Dobróné Tóth ; Donát, Magyar

Filamentous fungi on ragweed pollen – biodiversity, seasonality and aerobiological impact

In: 11th International Congress on Aerobiology

Paper: Tischner_Dobolyi_Sebők_Dobroné_Magyar, 1p. (2018)

 

D., Tóth Márta ; Kovacsics, Vári Gergely ; Béni, Áron ; Kiss, Ferenc ; Bálint, Pál Csaba

 Effect of the pollution on the heavy metal content of ragweed inflorescence, pollen morphology and protein content

In: Nagy, Zita Barbara (szerk.) LIX. Georgikon Napok: Kivonatkötet : A múlt mérföldkövei és a jövő kihívásai: 220 éves a Georgikon Keszthely, Magyarország : Pannon Egyetem Georgikon Kar, p. 73 (2017)

 

 

 

1. Name of the Institute

 Institute of Environmental Sciences

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Sándor Szabó, PhD

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Aquatic Ecology, Plant Biology

key words:  invasion, alien species, climate change, eutrophication,

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 Our project aims to give answers which environmental factors help alien species colonization and dispersion, which factors improve community invasibility, which traits help alien species to be naturalized in a new place and how alien species alter the native community composition.

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

 Surface waters give not only drinking waters but provide important ecosystem services. These services are mostly threatened by eutrophication and alien species invasion. These threatening factors can decrease separately and jointly the ecological status of surface waters and its overall value in use. Research on alien invasive species can provide the theoretical fundamentals and the methodological knowledge to hold or slow down these processes and maintain ecosystem services. Connecting species distribution maps with environmental and climatic data, climate scenario analyses, trait-based and molecular techniques can help us to understand the mechanism of biological invasion. The proposed project going to use these techniques to investigate what kind of traits the alien macrophytes have, how climate change and the eutrophication of surface waters will promote alien macrophyte invasion, how alien macrophytes can gain competitive advantage over native species. Such knowledge will increase our ability to make quick and more effective assessments and measures by which we can control the dispersion of alien macrophytes more efficiently.

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

 Gergő Koleszár & Balázs A. Lukács, Department of Tisza Research, MTA Centre for Ecological Research, DRI, H-4026 Debrecen, Bem tér 18/c, Hungary.

Zoltán Botta Dukát, MTA Centre for Ecological Research.

7. Other information (if any)

 

8. Publications (max. 5)

Szabó, S., Peeters, ETHM., Borics, G., Veres, S., Nagy, PT., Lukács, BA (2020): The ecophysiological response of two invasive submerged plants to light and nitrogen. Frontiers in Plant Science 10, 1747. IF 4,106 D1

Szabó S, Peeters ET, Várbíró G, Borics G, Lukács BA 2019. Phenotypic plasticity as a clue for the invasion success of the submerged aquatic plant Elodea nuttallii, Plant Biology 21: 54-63. IF: 2,393 Q1

 


 

1. Name of the Institute

 Institute of Environmental Sciences

2. Name of the researcher(s) and research group (if applicable)

 Sándor Szabó, PhD

3. Research area and keywords of research

 Aquatic Ecology, Plant Biology

key words:  submerged plants, free-floating plants, macrophytes, competition, alternative stable states, eutrophication,

4. Research objectives (in 1-2 sentences)

 The aim of the project  is to find those potential key factor that sustains the stable dominance of submerged vegetation against floating plants.

5. Description and results of research (in detail, max. 1500 characters)

Both submerged macrophytes and free-floating plants are able to sustain alternative stable states. It is obvious, that shading effects of free-floating plants is the strongest limiting factor on submerged macrophytes. However, there is not a single study has been done regarding to the limiting factor resulted by submerged macrophytes on floating plants.

6. Research partners from other institutions (if any)

 Gergő Koleszár,  Department of Tisza Research, MTA Centre for Ecological Research, DRI, H-4026 Debrecen, Bem tér 18/c, Hungary.

Edwin Peeters, Wageningen University, Aquatic Ecology and Water Quality Group, POBox 8080, 6700 DD Wageningen, The Netherlands

7. Other information (if any)

 

8. Publications (max. 5)

Szabó S, Scheffer M, Roijackers RMM, Valuto B, Braun M, Nagy PT, Borics G, Zambrano, L 2010. Strong growth limitationof floating plant (Lemna gibba) by a submerged macrophyte (Elodea nuttallii) under laboratoty conditions. Freshwater Biology 55: 681–690. IF: 3,082

 


 

2016, Nyiregyhaza